Eagles and Doves


O little Birdie! I tell you a tale
for you to be wise so not to fail
of birds and eagles so small and tall
prey and predator with joy and yowl

there are skies or may be a sky
for all sort of birds to let them fly
from its nest when they were at rest
Safe and secured not low not high

there is fear, oh! there is fear
shouted the eagles in chorus and pair
even from earth for someone to hear
the birds so scared for the near and dear

Wise and old knew this was a ploy
as eagles were hungry and that was no joy
they shouted so loud but yet so pale
infront of fear and the wails

never some thought to have fallen as prey
for the highs of sky nights and day
for the deaf and dumb so low and high
the eagles were waiting and not any shy

then history repeated with no new tale
for the birds to fall on hills and vale
the joyful eagles with wails and cry
the birds so naive with teary eyes

-Amitabh Pandey


The Below is my two cents of tribute in the form of a poem to the Martyre’s families for whom the pain begins only now. This poem also highlights the soft approach that the leaders of India irrespective of their political parties have taken against the anti-India groups. Hope this incident will awake the conscience of the leadership and this time we will not have a token operation followed by rounds of celebration only to pacify the public sentiments. The solution this time must be lasting and nothing short of an all out war for the destruction of Pakistan. This war is only inevitable and the delay will only raise the stakes.


                       – अमिताभ पांडेय
फिर से वो ही आग जलेगी, फिर से वो पानी बरसेगा,
बबली का दिल रो रो कर फिर से पापा को तरसेगा ।
माँ के सूखी छाती भी सोचे मुन्ना कैसा होगा,
शायद निंदा करते नेता के मन में जिंदा होगा ।
फिर से आंगन में टूटी चूड़ी के अरमान दफन होंगे,
धुंधलाती आंखों वाली बूढ़ी लाठी पर खूब वज़न होंगे ।
टीवी के पर्दे पर फिर से आज वही नाटक होगा, 
कोई दल का नेता रूप बदल के फिर बैठा होगा ।
आग लगेगी शव में या फिर कफन दफन होगा,
इस बार तिरंगा पेटी के अंदर कौन अंग होगा ।
हाय किस्मत फूटी हम अलबेलों के मेले में,
खूब पसौरि दूध मलाई जयचंदों के ठेले में ।
हर बार यही सुनते हैं अब संग्राम बड़ा भीषण होगा,
नेता जी बदले हैं अब न कोई सूर्य ग्रहण होगा ।
सिसक सिसक कर बबली अपने मन को समझा लेती है,
और किताबों के पन्नों में खुद को फिर उलझा लेती है ।


India is today celebrating Makar Sankranti and people are wishing each other on this auspicious day. This auspicious day is celebrated in different parts of India in different ways such as Lohri, sankrant, kite festival etc. It is also celebrated as Uttarayan, a six month period considered very auspicious and in which Bhishma Pitamah, a great warrior in the Greater India war (Mahabharata) chose to leave his mortal body. However while it is a fact that Uttarayan was once coninciding with Makar Sankranti (the point in the celestial sphere when earth enters the zodiac sign of capricorn) it is no more true in our times.

Uttarayan is made up of two words – Uttar (North) and Ayan (motion). It can mean one of the two things either movement in north or movement towards north. However the current makar sankranti is none of it and therefore does not qualify to be Uttarayan.

So lets understand it from the motion of Sun as seen from a given point on the equator. From the horizon where when the Sun rises, it can be understood to be in the north and when it sets it goes to the south. However, the direction of Sun’s motion is northward from midnight point (under our feet) to the noon point (zenith) above our head. From noon to midnight the sun starts descending and becomes southward and finally goes into south while it sets on the horizon. This analogy was given only to explain those who are not very familiar with celestial terminologies. In the celestial plain something similar happens. Lets understand it.

Due to the axial tilt of earth celestial equator cuts the ecliptic on two points which are exactly
opposite each other. These points are called as vernal equinox and automnal equinox. Vernal equinox falls near 21st march and automonal equinox falls near 21st september. These are also the times when days and nights are equal on the equator. Both the ecliptic and celestial equator forms an angle which is equal to the tilt of the earth i.e., 23.5 degrees. In the celestial plain the earth is on the north of the celestial plain from 21st march to 21st september with the point near 21st June being the highest altitude. 21st June is also the longest day and is called summer solistice. From Summer solitice the earth starts descending towards south and cuts the celestial plain on 21st september when it enters south of celestial plain.

Now the question is why there is this misconception on Uttarayan. The answer is that the equinoxes are moving clockwise at a rate of 50.8 seconds per year and in 70.8 years they nearly make a difference of a day. So every 70.8 years all the four points mentioned above i.e., vernal equinox, summer solistice, automnal equinox and winter solistice will move a day backward. So nearly 6360 years later the winter solistice that today falls on 21st december will be on 21st June which will become the point of shortest day.

The question therefore is whether Uttarayan is the six month period of northward motion which is between winter solistice of 21st december to summer solistic of 21st June or Uttarayan is the motion in the north which is from vernal equinox when sun actually enters into the northern zone and remains until 21st september which is the point of automnal equinox. Scholars like Bal Gangadhar Tilak have advocated for the later which is the motion in the north. To me while it looks more logical, I leave this artical open ended to elicit more views.

The medieval period or the dark age of India was known for the destruction of vast amount of knowledge base, libraries, scientific research etc. Ancient India was full of astronomical observatories, ruins of which we can still find at various historical places. The purpose of these laboratories was to carefully observe celestial objects and correct the periodical anamolies of time. That however ceased to happen with series of external invasions by barbarians and thousand of years long struggle for the survival of the civilisation. The time has now come when serious research on ancient Indian civilisation must be done for the greater benefit of humanity.

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